Convivial Cultures and Super-diversity
Our principal aim is to describe, analyze and compare new super-diverse convivial contexts, as they relate to the process of migrations shaping new cultural realms. Our approach does not involve the idealization of harmonic intercultural relations but considers convivial contexts as new fields of intercultural tensions and interactions as an attempt to understand their dynamics and the social, historic and personal factors that lead to willingness to coexist with ethnic heterogeneity or to reject it. Consequently, it envisions applying an innovative framework to understanding intercultural relations among national and migrant populations. From the perspective of social topography, the new convivial cultures are not associated with a specific geographic space. They correspond to different public contexts in which people with links to various ethnic or cultural groups interact. The research will focus on formal/informal settings linked to distinct social functions in each city: Leisure & spaces dedicated to religious practices; Market/shopping area (open-air or indoor market frequented by various ethnic and cultural groups); School/education (where intercultural relations take place between generations and groups-key for overseeing societal evolution of intercultural dialogue); These spaces are important for grasping the real meaning of intercultural relations because as Amin stated, even if “ the national frame of racial and ethnic relations remains important, much of the negotiation of difference occurs at the very local level, through everyday experiences and encounters”.