European Media Platforms: Assessing Positive and Negative Externalities for European Culture
Resume

The EUMEPLAT project aims at analyzing the role of media platforms in fostering or dismantling European identity. The assumption we will draw on is that European dimension has rarely been dominant in media history. In most cases – i.e., movie – market shares are mainly divided among national productions and importations from the most influential country. In broadcasting both regional and national patterns emerge, with properly European exchanges being the exception more than the rule. Web platforms are usually owned by US companies, with a new threat appearing in our media landscape. We will focus on the “platformization” process, as the rise of new closed Web architectures, so as to inquire its positive and negative externalities, functional and dis-functional consequences. Positive externalities are beneficial to society at large, in a way that explains the overall ambition of the project. Detecting the insurgence of negative effects is a fundamental duty for scholars and policy-makers, as externalities of both kinds tend to reinforce themselves, giving rise to positive loop feedbacks and critical vicious circles. Negative externalities include misinformation, toxic debate, exclusion of independent voices; positive externalities encompass European co-productions, or practices able to bring people out of the information bubble. For this purpose, we will run a multidisciplinary analysis of platformization in three fields: news, video sharing, media representations, with the final goal to offer a theoretical synthesis. The research question is whether or not new platforms – YouTube, Netflix, NewsFeed - are making European culture more European, based on indicators related to production, consumption and representation. Patterns will be detected by comparing national, regional and European and level. Advanced methods will be applied for data analysis, so as to provide guidelines for decision-makers (i.e., fake news prevention; best practices in co-productions).

Start Date
2021-03-01
End Date
2024-03-01
Project Funding
Comissão Europeia
External Partners
CIES-IUL - Centre for Research and Studies in Sociology
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New Bulgarian University
Unione delle Università del Mediterraneo
Fundació per a la Universitat Oberta de CatalunyaUOC
Libera Università di Lingue e Comunicazione
University of Gent
Bilkent – Bilkent University Bilim Kenti
National and Kapodistrian University
Ca’ Foscari University of Venice
International Organisation for Knowledge Economy and Enterprise Development
Charles University in Prague
Data from Ciência-IUL
W3C